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What is Rosacea?


July 16, 2020

Sometimes, a blush on our cheeks makes us look prettier and healthier. However, you cannot say the same thing if the blush stays permanently in your skin; accompanied by visible blood vessels and pus-filled bumps. In this case, you are most probably suffering from Rosacea. 

Rosacea is a chronic skin disease that is characterized by blush or skin flushes, small, red, and pus-filled bumps on the skin that become more visible during flare-ups. According to the National Rosacea Society (NRS) about 16 million Americans are suffering from Rosacea. This skin condition typically affects the skin on the nose, cheeks, and forehead. Its most common symptom is the development of facial pustules. 

Causes of Rosacea

There is no definite cause of the occurrence of Rosacea. However, the following factors may trigger Rosacea flare-ups:

  • Spicy foods
  • Hot drinks
  • Red wine and other alcoholic beverages
  • Too much sun exposure
  • Exposure to allergens
  • Heightened emotions
  • Excessive exercise
  • Certain medications and skin care products

Women are more likely to develop Rosacea than men. Individuals with lighter skin, those who smoke and drink, and those that are over 30 years of age are also more prone to the skin condition. If you have a family history of Rosacea, then you also have a higher risk of getting it. 

Treatments for Rosacea

Unfortunately, there is no treatment that can cure Rosacea. Treatments and therapies are only available to help you manage flare-ups. If you are experiencing any of Rosacea’s symptoms, contact your doctor immediately. 

The treatment to be given to you will depend on the symptoms you are experiencing. The best way to prevent Rosacea flare-ups is to avoid those things that can trigger it. Refrain from eating spicy foods and alcoholic beverages. Be cautious when using skin care products, especially those that contain alcohol, as it can irritate your skin. In the mild and initial stages of Rosacea, employing natural remedies may be effective in managing its symptoms. 

The most common medication is antibiotics. It can be in the form of pills, gels, or cream to apply topically to the affected area. These medications will help reduce redness, swelling, and pus-filled breakouts. 

If medication proves to be futile, your doctor may advise you to go with a laser treatment, especially with visible blood vessels. The laser treatment will shrink the blood vessels making them less visible. This treatment may cause mild pain, bruising, swelling, and tenderness in the treated area but will eventually go away. 

For patients with severe rosacea, plastic surgery may be the best option. Your dermatologist will examine your skin condition and the severity of your rosacea. If your nose has started to become bulbous and enlarged, and your cheeks have become puffy with thickened bumps, then you might be referred to a plastic surgeon. During the plastic surgery, the doctor will remove the excess tissue that has made your nose bulbous, and your cheeks puffy; giving it a newer and better appearance. 

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